Healthy Blood Sugar Levels for Non Diabetics vs. Diabetics

Healthy Blood Sugar Levels

Although commonly referred to as a single condition, diabetes is actually a group of diseases that are considered metabolic conditions whereby a person’s blood glucose becomes elevated beyond healthy blood sugar levels. There are multiple reasons why this might occur, but in most cases it is either related to reduce levels of insulin production or an improper physiological response to insulin. However, what we generally consider healthy blood sugar levels are not always easy to identify and can vary based on age, type of condition present and time since last meal.

The first of these considerations is simply timing. Obviously, when food is ingested, it can cause the sugar levels in blood to increase. This can be particularly true depending on what types of food are being ingested. Although in almost all cases, sugar levels in blood will increase following a meal, the types of food ingested can significantly impact this number. For instance, foods high in carbohydrates tend to have the most profound impact on sugar levels both in persons with and without diabetes. At the same time, it is not uncommon for low or even abnormally low blood sugar levels to be present before a meal. This fluctuation occurs both in persons with and without diabetes, although its more greatly apparent in persons without normal, healthy blood sugar levels.

Aside from meals, age also plays a factor in what is considered appropriate for blood sugar levels normal range readings. For instance, a diabetic adult with Type 1 diabetes might expect to find a blood glucose level of somewhere under 160 mg/dL following a meal (a period known as postprandial). However, A child with the same condition will find that after a meal, their blood sugar levels normal range might be closer to 180 mg / dL. This is not uncommon or unusual, but it can make figuring out what true healthy blood sugar levels really are, whether or not diabetes is present.

Because of the great variances that can exist between target ranges in different individuals and different types of day, people often turn to a blood sugar levels chart in order to find the appropriate ranges for them. These types of visual aids are particularly helpful for people who are trying to achieve healthy blood sugar levels via treatment or medication, as well as those that want to observe the effects that lifestyle and foods have on their glucose levels. Most of the time, a blood sugar levels chart will list pre and post meal readings for non-diabetics, those with Type 1 diabetes, those with Type 2 diabetes and children with Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 or both.

The purpose of these charts is to indicate safe blood sugar levels for different types of people. One measurement of these ranges is the NICE recommended target range. NICE stands for the National Institute for Clinical Excellence, and while their standard ranges are considered a very ideal starting point for glucose measurements, it is essential to point out that they are merely guidelines, and that each individual may have their own special requirements or needs that can only be identified by their healthcare provider. However, as a generic tool for gauging changes in condition, effectiveness of medicine or lifestyle as well as general monitoring, target glucose charts are an important tool for those looking to attain or maintain healthy blood sugar levels.

On a typical chart, often the first line is for a non diabetic individual, and typically values will be given for a before meal measurement and an after meal measurement. These measurements are often given in ranges, where a non diabetic individual before meals may have a blood glucose target of between 70 mg/dL and 108 mg/dL and a post meal target of under 140 mg/dL. What is most striking is that although non diabetics boast what should be considered normal blood sugar levels, the targets for persons with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are not the same as a person without the condition. To put it simply, healthy blood sugar levels are different in persons with diabetes than they are in people that do not have it. That same 140 mg/dL value that a post meal individual without diabetes has would still be ideal for a person with Type 1 diabetes. However, high blood sugar levels are not considered high in a person with Type 1 diabetes until they reach 162 mg/dL.

The blood glucose of a child with Type 1 diabetes should fall somewhere between 72 and 144 mg/dL and should not exceed 180 mg/dL following a meal. In a person without diabetes, 180 mg/dL would be considered high. Similarly, the range ends are higher for persons with Type 1 diabetes as they are in Type 2 diabetes. So for instance, a range of 72 mg/dL to 126 mg/dL is considered a normal target for persons with both types of diabetes before a meal; but, after eating, Type 2 diabetics may push their high ranges to 153 mg/dL versus the 162 mg/dL considered the high point of desirable in those with Type 1 diabetes.

For most people, normal and healthy blood sugar levels hover around 72 mg/dL with fluctuations varying between 80 to 109 mg/dL and up to 140 mg/dL after a meal. Although this is considered relatively normal, that does not mean that this is the range that diabetics are expected to fall within. Blood sugar levels can be difficult to control, and can vary based on diet, lifestyle, medications, type and age. These factors are weighed heavily by healthcare providers in determining appropriate individualized treatment. The goal of physicians treating people with diabetes is not necessarily to bring their measurements down to meet the measurements of persons that do not have diabetes, rather to address elevated glucose levels in healthy and manageable ways to prevent further complications and health risks with tailored, structured plans.

References:
http://www.diabetes.co.uk/diabetes_care/blood-sugar-level-ranges.html
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes
http://www.lillydiabetes.com/programs-resources.aspx

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