Normal Fasting Blood Sugar Level in Adults and Children

Normal Fasting Blood Sugar Level

Diabetes is a collection of conditions that affects millions upon millions of people. While there are many different types of diabetes, type 2 is without a doubt the most common. The condition is considered a metabolic disorder and leads sufferers to have higher than normal sugar levels in blood matter. When diabetes is present, glucose that is transferred to the blood via digestive processes builds up because there is not enough pancreas-produced insulin to tell the body what to do with it. Elevated sugar levels in blood can lead to symptoms and requires management with medicines, diet and lifestyle changes. The condition is diagnosed via blood test, which compares given samples to what is considered a normal fasting blood sugar level. Although the condition primarily affects adults, there are some differences between what is considered normal between juveniles and adults with the condition.

This difference, interestingly enough, is not present in the diagnosis of the condition where standard glucose tests are used. For both children and adults, blood sugar levels normal range is somewhere under 100 mg/dL. This number refers to a normal fasting blood sugar level, where no food or drink has been consumed for a period prior to the test. Just outside the blood sugar levels normal range is a smaller range that is considered indicative of pre-diabetes. From 101 mg/dL up to 125 mg/dL, a normal fasting blood sugar level in this range signals pre diabetes and likely further tests as a result.

Diabetes in both children and adults is diagnosed when a fasting blood sugar reading comes back at 126 mg/dL or higher. Most of the time, two tests taken at different times are used to confirm the diagnosis just in case there was something affecting the first test such as a snack or sugary beverage. If a normal fasting blood sugar level does not come back on the second test, both children and adults with blood glucose levels above 126 mg/dL are considered to have diabetes.

Making these determinations is sometimes easier with the use of a blood sugar levels chart. These visual devices can help illustrate the various ranges of glucose levels and show where healthy blood sugar levels are in comparison to those that are slightly elevated or very elevated. However, the use of these charts relies on having solid blood samples following a fasting period for accuracy, and not eating or drinking at all can be challenging for some individuals making diagnosis difficult. For these reasons, a normal fasting blood sugar level glucose test may not be possible, or accurate. But, there is another type of test that is often used as a tool in diabetes management that is now also sometimes being used for diagnosis. It is called the A1C test, and there are some benefits to it. Not only does the test not require fasting, it is also supposed to provide a more in depth and clear picture about a persons’ deviations from a normal fasting blood sugar level over a longer period of time. In this test, acceptable ranges for adults and children do differ, and this is related to symptoms.

The A1C tests evaluate the attachment to hemoglobin by glucose. Since red blood cells are consistently produced by the body, but die off after around three months, this test provides an in depth look at about ninety days of blood glucose information. This knowledge is therefore not only useful in determining whether or not a person has diabetes, but also how well or not well a certain type of treatment is working. This values for this test differ between children and adults, and the reason for this is because children are normally less sensitive to low blood sugar levels, and therefore higher values are assigned to them with subtle differences depending on age.

For adults, A1C levels above 6.5% are consistent with diabetes, and anything under that but above 5.7% is associated with pre diabetes. Results under 5.4% indicate normal blood sugar levels. In children, the high end of the range is quite a bit higher. Very young children should have A1C levels under 8.5% if they are less than six years old. Children older than six but younger than 12 should have A1C levels under 8%. Teenagers, although closer to adulthood, are still afforded a higher range and are expected to be less than 7.5%. Aside from giving more precise and individualized results like these, the A1C test can also be taken on any day at any time of day. It is not dependent on the comparison of a blood test to a normal fasting blood sugar level. This fact has made it not only a better disease management tool, but also useful in diagnosis, regardless of age.

Diabetes is an often life long condition that requires diligent management on the part of the patient and the health care provider. Most people not only end up taking medicine but also investing in the best blood sugar monitor they can find to record their findings and determine action steps at home. In addition, dietary and lifestyle changes are imperative in order to help keep blood glucose as close to a normal fasting blood sugar level or normal post meal blood sugar level as possible. Diabetes can be very well managed in both children and adults with the right knowledge and support through a combination of medicinal, lifestyle and natural methods.

References:
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-1-diabetes-in-children/diagnosis-treatment/
https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/tests-diagnosis

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