Actos Side Effects – Common and Rare

Actos Side Effects

Actos is a medication that is used to manage diabetes. It is an oral medication that can help to control blood sugar levels, and is only indicated for persons with type 2 diabetes, not type one. Although the medication is used to lower blood sugar levels, it does so indirectly by affecting the way the body responds to insulin. Most cases of type 2 diabetes are characterized by a body’s insensitivity to insulin, which in turn reduces the amount of glucose that is removed from the blood. Actos attaches to cell based insulin receptors and makes them more insulin responsive. This mechanism of action is what is responsible for ultimately lowering blood sugar levels in persons with Type 2 diabetes. However, it is the secondary way in which the drug works that might be responsible for Actos side effects, particularly more serious or rare occurrences. In addition to lowering blood sugar levels by increasing insulin sensitivity, Actos may also affect the liver by reducing its functioning and release from the liver.

Many people experience side effects from taking diabetes medications, and Actos is no exception. On the whole, diabetes medications are typically associated with gastrointestinal problems such as flatulence, nausea, diarrhea, and others. Actos side effects however are typically more serious or bothersome and common side effects of the medication include pain in the muscles, headaches and symptoms that are similar to those of a cold or the flu, which can include a sore throat, sneezing, coughing and pain and drainage in the sinuses.

These Actos side effects are unusual and not typical of medications that are used simply to attempt to restore normal blood sugar levels. For these reasons, and additional Actos side effects, the drug is actually considered a last resort type of medication that is often only considered when other treatment methods have failed or proved unsuccessful. Some people taking the medication experience serious side effects such as fractured bones, diabetic eye disease, low blood sugar, an increased chance of pregnancy (even in premenopausal women). Most of these more serious Actos side effects are much more uncommon and even rare, but they do and have occurred leading to the medication becoming less frequently prescribed.

Unfortunately the list of side effects related to the use of Actos does not stop at these. Rarer although far more dangerous are the serious adverse effects of taking the drug, including problems with the liver and bladder cancer. People taking the drug who experience symptoms of either including nausea and vomiting, dark urine, yellowing skin, blood in the urine or increased urgency, pain during urination and increased frequency, should contact a doctor right away if these serious symptoms present.

But, perhaps one of the most disturbing of all Actos side effects relates to the heart. People who have heart failure are advised against taking the medication, and this is because it has a tendency to promote fluid retention. this fluid retention over time can lead to many problems, but most notably heart failure, weight gain and swelling throughout the body. This problem is further compounded by the fact that people with elevated blood sugar levels are less likely to be able to healthfully handle these challenges, and are already themselves at a doubled risk for heart problems and further weight gain as well.

Actos is a medication that is almost never recommended because there are better drugs that perform similar functions and more effectively in some cases. However, it is still prescribed to some individuals because it is believed there is a benefit that outweighs the risk of potential Actos side effects. Regardless, this drug is not considered a treatment but rather a management tool that is used alongside natural diabetes treatment like exercise and dietary changes, and is far less successful when these lifestyle changes are not implemented. It requires a stringent and regular dosage schedule in order to eliminate problems like elevated blood sugar levels after eating or risks of hypoglycemia, and also to reduce the recurrence of the symptoms of high blood sugar, such as blurry vision. Actos, like other anti-diabetic medications, is only appropriate when prescribed by a doctor who can also monitor the health of the individual taking it – and can only be most effective with the dedicated diligence of the person taking it to commit to various forms of natural diabetes treatment.