Diabetic Blood Sugar Levels Too Low and Too High – What To Do?

Diabetic Blood Sugar Levels

Diabetes is a collection of metabolic conditions that cause levels of blood sugar (glucose) to become elevated. This can be for a number of reasons but typically is a result of either an improper response to insulin by the body or a less than adequate production of insulin within the body. For people with the condition, diabetic blood sugar levels may rise and fall regularly and even change throughout the day. This is why many people monitor their blood glucose levels. However, when a reading comes back too high or too low, panic may be the natural reaction. These fluctuations are actually not uncommon though, and everything from a stressful moment to a sweet after dinner indulgence can cause up and down spikes in diabetic blood sugar levels.

Before panicking, it is important to understand just what can cause sugar levels in blood to rise and fall. Food is of course a huge culprit, and a piece of wedding cake or even a tall glass of orange juice might be enough to cause a rise from normal blood sugar levels. However, food aside, there are other things that can cause rises and falls in diabetic blood sugar levels. For instance, stress can also cause sugar levels in blood to rise, just as skipping a meal or going too long without eating can cause sugar levels to fall. Drinking alcohol in excess and medications can both be responsible for causing a drop in blood sugar levels but having an illness or infection can actually raise them.

For these reasons, it is important that monitoring efforts be combined with a common sense analysis of events leading up to the reading that is too high or too low in order to determine the best course of action to take. Most people with the condition measure diabetic blood sugar levels at home, using a strip monitor and a blood sugar levels chart. Some of these charts are better than others. Ideally, those that indicate ranges are better, because they allow for natural variations and fluctuations. For instance, a chart that shows a good range of anything above seventy and under one hundred and fifty is probably ideal. This way, it is very easy to identify readings that are too high or too low when compared to normal blood sugar levels that fall in the good range.

In the case of elevated blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia), action steps are dependent on how high the level of glucose in the blood is and whether or not symptoms are present. When blood sugar gets to be too high, it can become a serious medical concern. Properly evaluating symptoms and possible explanations is critical to determining the severity of the situation. For instance, a recent illness, sugary food binge or stressful encounter could be causing a temporary rise in levels. On the other hand, if these explanations are absent and symptoms such as blurry vision, extreme fatigue, vomiting or others are present, medical assistance may be necessary. Conversely, in the absence of symptoms, one of the best ways to deal with elevated cases of diabetic blood sugar levels is simply, walking. When blood glucose is elevated, walking can be an excellent way to help return values back to normal.

At the opposite end of the spectrum, drops in blood glucose have their own causes and various solutions too. Medications and alcohol can both be culprits, but what is very commonly the cause is simply not eating or skipping a meal. Along these same lines, exercising too much may also cause a drop in diabetic blood sugar levels, and this can be exacerbated if a meal is skipped as well. There are symptoms associated with a drop in blood sugar below ideal ranges and these can include sleepiness, irritability, confusion, passing out and even seizures. While non-threatening cases of risen glucose levels can be treated at a more leisurely pace, low levels of blood glucose should be dealt with quickly. Eating or drinking something with sugar in it can be the most helpful methods of care and hard candies, sweetened juices or sodas and orange juice are all suitable. For people who find themselves regularly encountering low blood sugar, there are specially made glucose gels and tablets that are kept on hand for these situations. Following the immediate treatment for hypoglycemia, a small meal can help further regulate levels.

Although diabetes is often a lifelong ailment that requires regular medical care, many of the ways in which day to day fluctuations of glucose levels actually serve as a natural diabetes treatment. Exercise lowers glucose levels and brisk walking can help bring down heightened values. Eating or drinking something sweet can raise values when blood sugar is low. However, while these are useful facts to have on hand in the event of a less than stellar measurement of diabetic blood sugar levels or at the onset of symptoms, they are no substitute for medical care and advice.

Each person is different, and their condition can be subtly different from the person before and after them as well. What is normal in terms of diabetic blood sugar levels for one person may be abnormal for another. This is particularly true in situations such as elevated gestational diabetes blood sugar levels or cases of diabetes in younger children. The simple fact is that the needs of one person may differ dramatically from another. This is further evidenced by the differences in types of diabetes where high levels of type 2 diabetes blood sugar levels differ from those in persons with type 1 diabetes.

Regardless of natural and alternative types of treatment available, many cases of the disease result in the use of regular diabetes medications. These medicines are important to managing the condition, reducing risks associated with it, and helping to prevent highs and lows in the amount of glucose in the blood. Atypical and regular cases of high or low diabetic blood sugar levels may be manageable if not serious, however if they occur more than would be considered normal or their incidence is increasing, it is possible that a change in medication or dosage may be required.