Diabetic Diet Food List: Type 1 vs. Type 2

Diabetic Diet Food List

For both people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, following a diet that can help manage blood sugar levels can be challenging. However, it may be comforting to note that a healthy diabetic diet varies very little from a normal, recommended healthy diet that contains lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, fiber rich whole grains and lean meats. From these groups, a diabetic diet foods list in the form of using tools like the glycemic index or the exchange diet can make things easier to decipher.

There is a good reason for such a heavy emphasis on diet in persons with diabetes. In people with the second type or adult onset form of the condition, diet can have a major impact on the successful treatment of the disease. In fact, this is so well proven that people with the early signs of diabetes or prediabetes can actually significantly delay or even stop the disease from progressing to its full potential. A diabetic diet food list is incredibly useful for these purposes, and in addition to help slowing the disease, a healthy diet can also reduce the risk of complications as the disease progresses.

For people with both types of the disease, a diabetic diet food list varies little. People with both related disease can enjoy a wide variety of foods that reduce carb intake, lower the intake of refined and processed foods and bad fats from marbled meats. But, there are some differences between some acceptable items on a diabetic diet food list depending on which type of diabetes is present. Some can have a significant impact on blood sugar levels after eating, for instance, while others might negatively impact medications or insulin dosage.

In terms of carbohydrates, this can be particularly evident. For instance, couscous is considered a good choice on occasion for people with Type 2 diabetes. However this normally healthy choice may be completely inappropriate for a person with Type 1 diabetes, because of its high carbohydrate content. Another example of this is quinoa, which might be a perfect addition to a diabetic diet food list in persons with Type 2 diabetes, even though it boasts twice the carbohydrates of whole wheat spaghetti, which might be a better choice in persons with Type 1 diabetes.

Another important part of comparing food lists relates to weight. Being overweight is a big problem in people with diabetes, and it greatly increases their risk of developing serious health problems later in life. For these reasons, an 1800 calorie diabetic diet is not uncommon, and can help people lose weight which might contribute to better management of blood sugar levels. In a person with Type 1 diabetes, fat content of foods may not be as important as it is in a person with Type 2 diabetes, because the underlying causes of the disease are different. Therefore, a diabetic diet food list for the two disease types may vary in fat content, although each individual’s diet will obviously vary depending on their own weight.

Perhaps one of the least discussed differences between a diabetic diet food list for people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes has to do with natural medicinals. The following list of herbs and spices have been associated with lowering blood sugar levels in people with diabetes:

  • Turmeric
  • Cinnamon
  • Cloves
  • Oregano
  • Sage
  • Garlic

These spices are likely inclusions into a list of appropriate foods for a person with type 2 diabetes. Cinnamon for diabetes, for instance, is thought to help reduce the body’s sensitivity to insulin, which is often the underlying cause of the disease process. In some studies, cinnamon was able to lower the blood sugar of type 2 diabetics by as much as 24%.

Working in nearly the same way, turmeric for diabetes is also thought to help the body better respond to the insulin that it is producing. The yellow spice is popular in cooking, and has been used medicinally for thousands of years. It is also thought to be a powerful anti inflammatory, which may also positively benefit many disease processes. Like cinnamon and the others, turmeric is a likely addition a diabetic diet food list in people with type 2 diabetes.

Persons with type 1 diabetes however, should not consider using these herbs medicinally without explicit advice from a health care provider. This is because they may cause blood sugar levels to drop too low, and that could mean that improper or unsafe dosing of insulin might follow. All natural medicinals should only be used under the advice of a healthcare provider, but it is especially important for people with type 1 diabetes to understand the potential chemical actions of some herbs and spices in order to determine whether or not they may be affecting their blood sugar levels.